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Algorithmic Decomposition Versus Object-Oriented Decomposition

Traditional programming techniques have used algorithmic decomposition. Algorithmic or functional decomposition views software as a process. It decomposes the software into modules that represents steps of a process. These modules are implemented by language constructs such as functions in C. The data structures required to implement the program are a secondary concern, which is addressed after the project has been decomposed into functional modules.

Object-oriented decomposition views software as a set of well-defined objects that model entities in the application domain. These objects interact with each other to form a software system. Functional decomposition is addressed after the system has been decomposed into objects. An object is an entity that performs computations and has a local state. It may therefore be viewed as a combination of data and procedural elements.

Object-oriented approach is a method of implementation in which

1) Objects are the fundamental building blocks.

2) Each object is an instance of some type or class.

3) Classes are related to each other by inheritance relationships.

The principal advantage of object-oriented decomposition is that it encourages the reuse of software. This results in flexible software systems that can evolve as system requirements change. It allows a programmer to use object-oriented programming languages effectively. Object-oriented decomposition is also more intuitive than algorithm-oriented decomposition because objects naturally model entities in the application domain.

Object-oriented design is a design strategy where system designers think in terms of ‘things’ instead of operations or functions. The executing system is made up of interacting objects that maintain their own local state and provide operations on that state information. They hide information about the representation of the state and hence limit access to it. An object-oriented design process involves

designing the object classes and the relationships between these classes. When the design is realised as an executing program, the required objects are created dynamically using the class definitions.

Object-oriented systems should be maintainable as the objects are independent. They may be understood and modified as stand-alone entities. Changing the implementation of an object or adding services should not affect other system objects. Because objects are associated with things, there is often a clear mapping between real-world entities (such as hardware components) and their controlling objects in the system. This improves the understandability and hence the maintainability of the design.

The two approaches are similar in that both believe that the way to develop a complex system is by using the philosophy of divide-and-conquer; that is break up a complex software design project into a number of simpler subprojects, and then tackle these subprojects individually. The two approaches disagree on how a project should be decomposed.…

Technology and Catering Business

Technology has become part of our daily lives, and there is probably no aspect in human life which is left untouched by Internet. Technology also plays a positive role in managing a business, particularly food business. If you are into catering, you may probably want to save yourself some hassles in managing your files, stocks and inventory system by acquiring a catering business software.

This software can help you in many ways you never thought possible. Many caterers use the Point-of-Sale system to help them track the sales and purchases that the business had made. It can generate report for easy reference; you can get daily, weekly, monthly and yearly report to see the progress of your catering business.

In this catering business software, you can do bookkeeping with so much ease. You do not have to be an Accountant to know how to run it. Bookkeeping is very vital for all businesses. When you put up the business, your aim was to get the return of investment (ROI) in the shortest possible time. The POS system can keep track of all the incoming sales and outgoing expenses. It can also help the caterers to know other hidden costs involved in the business which is often neglected by the owners when it comes to computation of the profit-and-loss.

Aside from the accounting and inventory software, caterers may also need events management software. This will keep track of all the upcoming events wherein your catering business was hired to serve. This is a database management software where you can input all your clients information and special requests or notes for the events. This will save you from collecting all those calling cards inside your wallet. All you need to do is to input necessary information about your clients and your possible customers too.

Being organized in all your business transaction would make your life easier as a business entrepreneur. It will be easier for you to know whether your business is doing good or not. You can also see what areas you can improve on with regards to handling expenses and purchases. There will be lesser grey areas in terms of accounting because you have all the necessary details you need.

These are the only aspects wherein you can rely on technology in terms of handling your business. The rest of business management would require personalize touch, most especially when it comes to customer service. Your employees are important part of your catering business too. They are the ones who interact with your clients and they create the image of your business too.…

Advantages and Disadvantages of Customized Software

Other questions you could ask: Advantages and disadvantages of proprietary software what is proprietary software? How to customise fields in Optimism software? How to Use CRM software? How to customise software is musical software to create your own loops? How businesses use customised software to improve relationships with customers by developing there own software?

Custom software is not targeted to the mass market and is tailor made for specific needs of companies and organisations this requires having a reasonable understanding of these principles. The software is made and will in some way represent that organisation and make it stand out in some way for the options available for clients customers and users of these websites and make communication better between the two.

The first advantage of having this software is Users of the program will find a custom-made program more friendly and intuitive as it will not contain superfluous facilities Custom software. The second advantage of having software that represents a company well that brandishes this software statistically has proved to convert into higher profits for the company and by being customisable these elements can be adjusted and tweaked as is.

Some reputable software developing companies are SiliconEdge, get website ranking, Lucrosus, Software developers UK and Endeavor. These companies call themselves bespoke software developers, and like tailors who make clothes they need details from there customers before they can deliver a product software based. These companies have approved and certified staff and savvy is the variety of computer languages out there.

This is a key problem of all time understanding, sharing what you mean and then remembering it every day. Companies with technical jobs in all organisational areas spend hours on not working on tasks, focus groups, webinar meetings, forum chats, researching data that does not pay anymore and other sections that because new confuse society. These are the only solutions available to truly understand what needs to be done in the age of information.

That is why software developers get paid so handsomely because they are optimised and aligned in a place where when you need them they will be there at the top of the search engine, depending on your location. If you know what you are looking for this could be anywhere in the world.

A disadvantage of these software services is that you need to always understand the ebbs and flow of where work is being distributed worldwide.

These languages can create better graphic designs and engineering of internal workings of any companies web based hub. By understanding the languages Java,.NEt,C++, VB, PHP, DELPHI, Oracle RUBY on RAILS and many more they can provide exactly what it is you need.

One man cannot in his lifetime learn all these languages because the disadvantage is a man or women cannot live a normal life, however there are people out there who are trained within the industry for many years who can gather the cross-section of communication data needed to offer something that will stand out look great …

How Has Technology Changed Art?

We all are witnessing the changes being made in the art these days. Technology has the power to change anything. It is changing the traditional art into digital art.

Amazing digital art has taken place of traditional art. Digital art is exploring itself in many different ways that one can imagine. Different software is developed to increase the presence of digital art.

Photoshop Artists are one of the most common digital artists who give an amazing look to a picture with the help of imaging software and different applications.

These applications are developed with the help of technology. Anyone can be a digital artist having knowledge and proficiency in Photoshop.

Difference between traditional artists and digital artists is that traditional artists use paint and cement for their art and digital artists use imaging software and applications in their art. Some of the applications have the power to create 3D art work.

Technology has taken art into a new level of creativity. Let us talk about how technology has changed traditional art into digital art. We know that internet is ruling the world with its power. So, artists decided to present their art online with the help of internet. This is possible with use of technology.

You must have seen art galleries and attended painting exhibitions in your life. These doesn’t work well these days so artists find a way where they can get more attention and more praise for their work. Most of the artistic stuff is now seen online and is circulated to the art lovers.

There are some places where exhibitions are held and we do respect them. But presenting paintings, sculptures and art work online is in trend. Some of the artists are also showing their art on the basis of card swipe panel or coins.

How this work – when you enter coins or swipe card in the panel, the panel shows you some of the art work for a few minutes and then gets closed and if you want to see it again or explore more, further you need to swipe your card or add coins into it. This is how artists are using technology.

How digital artists are using technology for their art work

Digital artists already in touch with technology are aware of the systems that are in trend and use them to create their art work and sell them online.

Some of the professional digital artists are earning a lot of bucks by selling their art work. They can also design the ones that you want and are also ready to make any modifications you need.

They use different software to explore their skills and made it more impressive. They are using technologies that offer new ways to express their art work in a realistic way for much more time.

They are using different types of media and mix them to provide a more creative art work. Their 3D art work looks as real as it is present live in front of …

The Silo Effect In Software Testing

People may not know what the silo effect actually means. But everything is simple. The silo is the situation when somebody’s opinion, idea and plan are limited by the existing prejudices and experience of other people.

The employees of software testing company, as well as the specialists of other companies not connected with IT sphere, perform their duties in silos. This is rather complicated notion, and it should be regarded more precisely.

What Are the Silo Types?

  • A formal silo. In every company, there are the groups of specialists which perform particular tasks and solve the defined problems. There are developers, testers, product managers, sales managers, administrators, etc.
  • An informal silo. This type concerns the same ideas, standards and concepts shared by the particular groups or schools. Moreover, the silo effect may also be regarded in terms of applying of definite testing principles and approaches, for example, the session approach or the automation principle.

The silo effect has both advantages and disadvantages. Hereafter, the benefits of the silo effect in software testing field will be regarded.

What Are the Advantages of Silos?

  • It is the basis of building the team of specialists which share the common view. It is easier to form the team of like-minded specialists.
  • Silos provide the consolidation of efforts of every member of the test team.
  • The support networks are established with the help of silos.
  • Silos encourage the effective communication within the test group.
  • The credibility for every member of the group is established due to silos.

All mentioned aspects of silos have the positive influence on the testing process and the team spirit. Unfortunately, despite regarded pluses, the silo effect has some minuses. It is very important to prevent the negative effects of silos.

What Are the Disadvantages of the Silo?

  • The silo may limit the expert’s imagination. The tunnel vision of the checking process does not provide the effective functional testing or performance testing.
  • The silo causes the tribalism. The enmity to developers or another test team prevents the well-timed production of the bug free application or system.
  • Miscommunication, misconceptions, troubles and difficulties may be arisen by the silo.
  • The rejection of every idea or conception which differs from your own thoughts leads to less productive automated testing or any other checking type. The valid propositions should be reviewed and taken into account.
  • The specialists may become blind to risks because of the silo effect.

There is a fine line between the silos benefits and disadvantages. One should always control the degree of silo influence on every team member and the whole test group.…

Why Would You Need a Google Rank Tracking API?

Whether you own an SEO tools website or you run an SEO business, the ability to track and report to customers the Google ranking for their specific keywords will be an essential part of the service that you provide.

Of course, you could always do a manual Google search and then sift through the results to find put where a client’s website is ranked on the Google SERPs, but no one wants to have to do that, which is where a Google Rank Tracking API comes into play.

If you have access to a rank tracking API, you can embed ranking data for websites and keywords in your own applications and in your websites and provide your customers with the key performance indicators that they need. A Google SERP checker API will also give you the insights that you need to refine your SEO campaigns for the optimum results.

Who Needs SEO Data?

The demand for accurate and up to date SEO data is virtually limitless. SEO agencies need to monitor the effectiveness of their SEO campaigns, e-commerce sites need to monitor the position of their own products and position of competitor’s products, affiliate marketers need to be able the track the position of their sites, in fact, anyone with a presence on the internet will want to know where their sites are ranked in Google and other search engines.

What is an API?

In this particular scenario, an API is a piece of third-party code that an application or website can pass parameters to and receive data from. A Google rank checking API, for example, will take the keywords that are entered on a website and return the current Google ranking for that keyword.

What Does a Google Rank Tracking API do?

The best suppliers of SEO tracking APIs will usually have a number of different APIs that can be used software and websites. Here are some of the main types of SEO tracking APIs.

Rank Tracking API

A rank tracking API will return the up-to-date ranking for a particular keyword for a given location.

SERP API

A SERP API will return the top search engine results for a particular keyword

Keyword data API

A keyword data API will return the keyword statistics that you would otherwise have to look up manually in the Google AdWords planner, such as search volumes, average cost per click, and the gym of competition for that keyword.

Competitor API

A competitor API will find all relevant data with regards to a competitor’s website, including traffic volumes, traffic sources, the average time spent on the site, page views per session and the bounce rates.

URL Metrics API

A URL metrics API will provide the vital statistics on a URL, such as Domain Authority (DA), Page Authority (PA), Trust Flow (TF) and Citation Flow (CF).

Why Would You Need a Google Rank Tracking API?

An SEO tracking API provides SEO software companies and SEO agencies with the opportunity of adding value to their services. They …

Website Design – Hardware and Software Tools You May Need

Before you get started with your new website or editing your current site, you need to consider which hardware and software tools you may need to support your efforts.

When it comes to hardware needed this can be very simple or reasonably complex depending on your particular needs. Of course, if you plan to create a new website (or even view your new website later) you need a computer. Simple enough, right? Not necessarily. We prefer to work with Apple Macintosh (OSX Leopard on MacBook Pro) as we do a lot of intensive graphics work and have previously invested in Adobe Creative Suite software (Photoshop, InDesign, Flash, Dreamweaver, etc.). It is just as easy to create your new website using your Windows PC but we would suggest you stay away from using Windows Vista (any version) and migrate to Windows 7 or stick with Windows XP. These operating systems are just much more stable and reliable.

Another consideration for hardware should be some sort of backup hard drive or removable USB memory stick(s). It is important that you back up all of your website data to a removable drive in the event your computer crashes, is broken or is stolen. When you create website files, most of your data will be stored on the website hosting servers but, in many cases, you will have many other “builder files” that usually never make it to the hosting servers. If you lose this data you will be forced to start from scratch in many cases. Another piece of hardware that many forget about is a HD Video Camcorder. If you plan to include video on your site, you should be investing in something half decent; you can normally pick up a good video camera that also captures “still photos” for under $500.00.

When it comes to software needed, this can be somewhat more complicated, again depending on what your website design goals are. At the very least, you will need some sort of text editing software, FTP (file transfer software), graphics creation software and then a variety of other tools as you progress.

Here are some of the most common subjects you should consider when planning the design of your website product.

COMPUTER

Do you currently have a computer that can process large files (i.e. – video files) quickly and efficiently?

WEBSITE SERVER

Are you planning to host your own website portal? If so, do you know what type of hardware and server software you will need?

BACKUP HARD DRIVE or USB STICK

Do you currently have some sort of backup hard drive equipment or plan?

VIDEO CAMERA

Will you be creating custom videos for your website and, if so, do you have a HD video camera ready to go?

MOBILE WEB DEVICES

Are you planning to make your website “mobile web friendly”? If so, do you have an iPhone and an iPad? Android phone? Blackberry device? These will be needed for testing purposes!

WEBSITE CREATION SOFTWARE

Do you have any website …

Computer and Technology Today

Computer plays an essential role people’s day to day life especially at work place, schools and even in home. Twenty first century has been the age of so many technological advancements aimed for making the lives of people better. Computer helps them become more efficient in their work.

Computer technology in banking:

Technology has made our living easy and comfortable, for instance our banking needs. Previously people need to maintain the important data of their customers manually. But right now, in just one click, they would be able to find all the customers’ data instantly. The customers are able to know about the transactions of their account by logging in to the bank website. Moreover, it is possible to apply for loans through online.

Improvements of computer technology:

Computer technology has improved our life style far better than before. Due to the emergence of internet and technology, the world has shrunk to a global village. Even though the advancement in internet creates new challenges like computer problems and virus threats, the computer technology like antivirus software made easy to overcome these problems.

Computer in food industry:

The automation and computerization in food processing units is facing lots of challenges if they are used nearby water catastrophic effects on any computer system. Most food processing units prefer waterproof computers to protect their computer systems from drenching in the production area.

Computer in medical field:

Hospital is an important organization and computers are used for the management of a hospital. The accounting, payroll and stock system of the hospital have been computerized in recent days. We can maintain the record of different medicines, their distribution and use in different wards etc. using computer. Even the disease can be diagnosed by entering the symptoms of a patient. Moreover, various computerized devices are used in laboratories for different tests of blood etc.

Computer in agriculture:

Nowadays agricultural industry is also making use of the computers. The analysis that was taken some few years before shows that 44{90c905eaca51001bdd05d2b9e50215b66b04dff3fb532a24d541d876dbf9d189} of the farmers in Ohio are using computers for various purposes. In 1991, only 32{90c905eaca51001bdd05d2b9e50215b66b04dff3fb532a24d541d876dbf9d189} of the farmers were making use of it. This shows that there is considerable increase in the farmers who are using computers. As internet becomes the means of communication, most farmers use this technological advancement for transaction processing or for retrieving information. The analysis shows that out of the total farmers who were surveyed, 80{90c905eaca51001bdd05d2b9e50215b66b04dff3fb532a24d541d876dbf9d189} of them are making use of the internet.

Computer in education:

Due to the globalization of education, so many challenges are posed by the new trends. In order to face all these challenges, information technology in the education sector is very important. It is essential that the students become familiar with the concept and use of information technology in order to equip them for future job market. Similarly, the faculty can achieve better quality in teaching methodology. The computer technology has developed in many fields. Its drastic development has created an immense impact in almost all …

Best Web Design Services

Want to design or re-design your existing website?

In today’s fast world, website is the front face of your company. Users go through that website which is more appealing and user-friendly as compared to the one that is outdated and dull. If users or customers don’t get attracted to your website, they don’t stick to it. To make your website attractive and visually appealing for the customers, you need to acquire services of professional and trustworthy IT Design Company.

There are many IT design and development companies in industry offering quality web design services. Professional guidance from a reputed designing company can bring positive results. Web development and design may sound easy for users but it includes a lot of planning and efforts to achieve desired results. Before choosing any company, take a detailed look at company’s portfolio. By this, you can easily review the company’s past project details, work niches etc. You can ask them about their expertise in graphic designing software like Java, Flash, and Adobe etc. The price of the company also varies according to the services they are offering. You should make sure the staff of company is well trained and professional and they meet the deadlines. You can also search for best IT companies on major search engines like Yahoo and Google. Beside this, you will need regular updates also. Ask them for the maintenance of website also. You can consult your friends and family as well search for best IT Company online. Choose that company that suits your budget and website requirement.

The designers make general as well as customized websites. If you want to go conventional way rather than traditional way then you can go for customized web design services. Customized website is followed by designers from the scratch as per your design. Customized sites are more expensive as compared to general ones. Before selecting any web design company, make sure that they are effectively using latest tools and techniques. As it will help in the long run by reducing the cost of website designing in future. Web design companies should properly examine the website requirement, location, preferences, target customers, nature of website and region before designing any website.

You can introduce different incentives as well as discount coupons to grab the interest of customers. In tough online competition, make sure that your products meet the demand of the customers while maintaining the quality.

To beat your competitors, your website should be designed better than their website. You should choose skilled web Company. Web professionals take your website to the top position by using embedded tags so that your website will appear in search engines. A good company provides customer support to solve your queries 24/7. They offer you reliable services in case of upgrading or troubleshooting the website.

Having an attractive website is not enough to boost your business. Getting help from reputable companies will help your website to improvise by using promotional content. Understanding the customer’s demand help the designers to …